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Availabe for Pre-Order. This item will ship after October 17, Add to Wish List. Close Preview. Toggle navigation Additional Book Information. Description Table of Contents Author s Bio. Summary This title was first published in Meticulously documenting Intra-state violence and the responses to it from a global perspective, this volume deals with a core element of future global governance within its historical and sociological context. It provides a striking analysis of the prevention of violence and resolving conflict, elaborating on the role that key regional and international organizations e.
The work is an invaluable addition to the collections of scholars and students in the fields of peace and conflict research, international relations, sociology, ethnic studies, international law and development research. It should be stressed that this process must be as inclusive and representative as possible.
Clearly a higher degree of government centralisation should be introduced in order to circumvent many problems of the past. As an example, the number of states should be kept to a minimum, as their proliferation intensified competition for federal resources in the past, and so contributed to ethnic conflict and fragmentation. A higher degree of state centralisation will obviously be conducive to uniting Nigeria, but will not succeed in bringing this about on its own.
It should be accompanied by nation-building and the forging of a common Nigerian identity based on symbolism and the spirit of ubuntu. These symbols should incorporate as many of the symbols cherished by the various population groups as possible, while combined with totally new ones.
Indeed, the powerful effects of a national pride should not be underrated.
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In addition, the results of the negotiations should be contained in a constitution that clearly specifies all aspects of the political and other systems as agreed between the negotiating parties. A charter of human rights should form a main part of this document, while the constitution should clearly make provisions for establishing the rule of law principle. It is further important that the provisions of the constitution remain rooted in reality, while the judiciary should be sufficiently strengthened to uphold it. In our estimation the economic factors should be viewed as the key to the effective management of ethnic conflict in Nigeria.
Revenues from oil especially, should be managed in such a way, that each community sees substantial benefits emanating from their peaceful participation in both the political and economic processes, instead of competing with one another for federal resources. Conversely, communities can be provided with different benefits, for instance in the form of housing or infrastructure.
In this process, both the positions of the federal government and these leaders can be strengthened based on the principle of interdependence. Special attention should be paid to the economic situation in poorer northern Nigeria, especially by focusing on issues such as illiteracy, development of trade and industry, better agricultural methods and the development of infrastructure. Perhaps this can be done in forging partnership programmes between the north and the south. Regarding religious issues, it is more difficult to suggest any solutions. Solutions may be forthcoming from the negotiating process, but to our mind, these negotiations should take part between the religious groups themselves, rather than as part of the formal negotiations.
As religious matters are highly contentious in the Nigerian society, we think that there should be a total division between the secular state and the religious institutions.
Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict, Revised Edition | The MIT Press
In other words, the state should not involve itself in purely religious affairs and vice versa. The military should also be restructured to reflect the values of a transforming Nigeria. Changes in leadership of the armed forces will already be a positive step forward as Obasanjo has already done , but a sufficient system of checks and balances should be implemented in order to ensure that the Nigerian executive maintains control over them.
It might also be a good idea to include members of the armed forces in the negotiation process, and afterwards to persuade them that, by serving the interests of the democracy, they are serving the interests of Nigeria and its people. Ethnic conflicts are some of the major challenges facing the world, and Africa in particular, today. These conflicts also have a compounding influence on other issues such as political, economic and social stability. The case of ethnic conflict in Nigeria is illustrative of this point, and indeed multi-faceted and extremely complex.
Although many positive steps have already been taken by the present democratic government of Obasanjo in the direction of addressing this conflict and other problems facing Nigeria, it is clear that much more still has to be done especially in the light of the recent heightening of ethnic tensions. In this context, it is hoped that the modest practical suggestions made above may contribute to the process of finding a solution to this pressing problem.
By Rian Leith Hussein Solomon. Abstract From Angola to Armenia and from Kosovo to Kenya the world is witnessing the rise of virulent ethnic nationalisms. Introduction Ethnic conflict is an issue that, particularly during the last decade or so, has crept to the forefront of international political debate. Case Study: Ethnic conflict in Nigeria Nigeria is located in West Africa and is, with about ,5 million inhabitants, the most populous nation on the continent.
Ethnic conflict in Nigeria mainly revolves around the following four specific legacies of the past: Geographic and demographic characteristics In addition to forging over ethnic groups together into one state, the colonial legacy of the three separate administrative regions closely resembling the three dominant regions today has proved to be a major stumbling block in attempts to establish unity in Nigeria. Resources and the economy As noted above, the economy played a large role in the fuelling of conflict in Nigeria. Ethnic conflict in Nigeria: What is to be done? Conclusion Ethnic conflicts are some of the major challenges facing the world, and Africa in particular, today.
References Bostock, W.
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Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict, Revised Edition
Rabie, M. Conflict resolution and ethnicity. London: Praeger. Solomon, H. Nigeria receives the Africa Peace Award. In Conflict Trends June pp. Stremlau, J. The evils of ethnic politics. Thomson, A. An introduction to African Politics. London: Routledge. Toland, J. Ethnicity and the state. Political and Legal Anthropology series no. Why Nigeria burns as democracy returns. This Issue. By Jannie Malan.
Reviewed By Senzo Ngubane. Engendering Peace in Africa. By Louise Vincent. Peace building and Transformation from below. By Joshia Osamba. Risk Assessment.
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