Daniell, S. Moellenkamp, P. Bots, and R. Implementing participatory water management: recent advances in theory, practice, and evaluation. Ecology and Society 17 1 : Yorck von Korff 1,2 , Katherine A.
Bijlsma 6,7. FPrime FWorkspace item :. Home Browse Recent advances in understanding grasslands. ALL Metrics. Get PDF. Get XML. How to cite this article. NOTE: it is important to ensure the information in square brackets after the title is included in all citations of this article. Close Copy Citation Details. Recent advances in understanding grasslands [version 1; peer review: 2 approved].
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Grasslands are a vitally important ecosystem, supporting a wide range of ecosystem services and high levels of biodiversity. Because the field of grassland ecology is broad, encompassing many areas of ecology, this article picks some areas of particular debate and development to look at recent advances. The areas include relationships between diversity and productivity, ecosystem stability and ecosystem service provision, global change threats from nutrient addition, invasive species, climate change, and plant soil interactions.
Keywords Climate change, diversity, ecosystem services, ecosystem stability, grassland ecology, invasive species, nutrient addition, plant-soil interactions. Corresponding Author s. Stevens c. Grant information: The author s declared that no grants were involved in supporting this work. Variation in diversity between grasslands Productivity—diversity relationships Grasslands across the world vary hugely in both physical and biological characteristics, and explaining relationships between them has led to much discussion.
Threats to grasslands Land-use change Globally, land-use change is a major driver of community change and habitat loss. Response to nutrient additions One of the most challenging issues we currently face is the extent to which we have perturbed nutrient cycles and the impact this is having on the environment. Invasive species There are many different mechanisms that have been identified for the success and spread of invasive species in grasslands and other habitats.
Climate change Long-term experiments are critically important in ecology 16 , and as grassland ecologists we are lucky to host some of the longest-running experiments in the world, including the year-old Park Grass Experiment Effects of biodiversity loss Diversity—stability relationships One of the main arguments for biodiversity conservation is that more-diverse communities will be more stable and better able to resist perturbation.
Diversity—service provision relationships Another often-cited negative consequence of the loss of biodiversity is that more-diverse systems support more ecosystem services. Conclusions Grassland ecology, and the broader field of ecology, are rapidly moving fields. Grant information The author s declared that no grants were involved in supporting this work. F recommended References 1. In Ecology and the Environment ed R. Monson Springer ; — Publisher Full Text 2. Publisher Full Text 3.
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Vitousek PM: Grassland ecology: Complexity of nutrient constraints. Nat Plants. Tilman D: Resource competition and community structure.
Monogr Popul Biol. PubMed Abstract 5. Worldwide evidence of a unimodal relationship between productivity and plant species richness. Ecol Lett. Nat Ecol Evol. Glob Chang Biol. Trends Ecol Evol. J Ecol. Publisher Full Text Ecol Evol. Nat Commun. Anthropogenic environmental changes affect ecosystem stability via biodiversity. Island Press , Reference Source Comments on this article Comments 0.
Tropical phenology: Recent advances and perspectives
Article Versions 1 version 1. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Manager RIS Sente. Stevens CJ. Track an article to receive email alerts on any updates to this article. Approved with reservations Key revisions are required to address specific details and make the paper fully scientifically sound.
Not approved Fundamental flaws in the paper seriously undermine the findings and conclusions. Open Peer Review. Reviewer Status. Reviewer Reports.
Comments on this article All Comments 0 Add a comment. The carabids also intercept weed seeds shed by weed plants before they enter the soil, and thus carabids can regulate the long-term store of seeds in the seed bank on national scales. What is interesting about this system is that it contains two important regulation ecosystem services delivered by one group of service providers, the carabids.
This system, therefore, integrates, in miniature, many of the problems of interaction between services. Dave has most recently begun to work with networks. He developed, with colleagues, a learning methodology to build networks from sample date. This has produced the largest, replicated network in agriculture. One of his particular interests is how behaviours and dynamics at the species level, as studied using the carabid-slug-weed system, build across species and their interactions to the dynamics of networks at the ecosystem level.
He has authored over peer-reviewed publications, including recent papers in Nature , Science and Nature Climate Change , with a strong emphasis on understanding and predicting how aquatic ecosystems and food webs respond to a wide range of biotic and abiotic stressors, including climate change, chemical pollution, habitat degradation and invasive species.
His research group and ongoing collaborations span the natural and social sciences, reflecting the need for multidisciplinary approaches for addressing the environmental challenges of the 21st Century. Newsletter Google 4. Help pages. Prothero Michael J. Benton Richard Fortey View All. Go to British Wildlife. Conservation Land Management. Go to Conservation Land Management. Publisher: Academic Press.
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About this book Next Generation Biomonitoring, Part 2 is the second part of a thematic on ecological biomonitoring. Contents 1.
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